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Sweet sorghum stalks contain up to 75% juice, varying between 12 and 23% in sugar. “It was a standard sugar back before World War II. Sweet sorghum juice supplemented with 0.5% ammonium sulphate was used as a substrate for ethanol production by Saccharomyces cerevisiae TISTR 5048. The objective of this study was to assess the agronomic performance and juice yield of five sweet sorghum cultivars (Keller, Della, Dale, M81E and Sugar Drip) as potential sources of biomass and grain for ethanol production. Arkusz informacyjny. Sweet sorghum is any of the many varieties of the sorghum grass whose stalks have a high sugar content. Sorghum was grown primarily for syrup until the settlement of the semiarid West created a demand for drought-resistant forage crops. Soil and N rate significantly impacted the juice yield (P < 0.0001). Usually sorghum with over 8 °BX of sugar in the juice is called sweet sorghum. Second, hydroxyl substituents on a given phenolic structure give rise to multiple peaks at different potentials, as observed for quercetin in Fig 1a. It can be used as a cooking ingredient with a similar sweetening effect as molasses, though blackstrap molasses still has a higher nutritional value than sorghum syrup in most regards. Sweet sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) has been considered as an attractive raw material in biorefinery process, and it offers great advantages: greater biomass yield per hectare, high photosynthetic efficiency and wide adaptability to harsh environmental conditions. After extraction of sugars containing juice from sweet sorghum stalk, the bagasse is available in large quantities that can be used as fuel in boilers in the sugar mills for the cogeneration process. Growing Sweet Sorghum The seed (you'll need 5 to 10 pounds per acre) is available from many farm supply stores such as the FCX chain. of sorghum, Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench, that are sweet and juicy. The sweet sorghum bagasse (SSB) after squeezing the fermentable juice was used as the immobilized carrier. … The stem juice of sweet sorghum is rich in fermentative sugar and is a desirable alcoholic fermentation material. 2. Components of sweet sorghum stem juice. A jar of sweet sorghum syrup. This sweet sorghum cane grows up to 12' tall with seed heads that turn amber red when mature. A significant interaction was also found between the effect of the year and N on the juice yield (P < 0.0001). a high percentage of extractable juice, (4) contain juice with a high total soluble solids (Brix) content, mostly sugars, (5) ... sweet sorghum, but a soil that has good physical character-istics and good fertility produces the best yield. To optimize ethanol yield, a juice extraction rate of at least 50% from the stalks is needed. Juice freshly expressed from Sorghum bicolor for making sweet sorghum syrup contained 10 8 microorganisms per ml. Calcium, from the juice and MOL, and phosphorous that occurs naturally in the sweet sorghum juice are necessary for the formation of calcium-phosphate bridges that aid in the flocculation process. The term “sorghum molasses” is a collo-quial expression incorrectly applied to sorghum syrup. of sweet sorghum juice harvested from different cultivars were investigated with regard to pH, yeast concentration, nitrogen source and dilution rate. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2009.10.006. According to the experimental results, the possibilities to make drink with the juice were studied. Sweet sorghum is an ideal feedstock for fuel ethanol production in the Southeast and Midwest. We’ve always called it ‘cane’ – sorghum is known by many names; sweet sorghum, sorghum cane and all are correct. Sweet sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] is the best multipurpose crop for simultaneous production of (i) grain from its earhead as food, (ii) sugary juice from its stalk for making syrup, jaggery or ethanol and (iii) bagasse and green foliage as an excellent The total sugar content of the juices extracted from the different cultivars used in this study at different harvesting times is presented in Table 1. Originating in Africa and Asia, where it is still a dietary staple, sweet sorghum was in wide use across the United States from the mid-19th century until the turn of the 20th, when its popularity declined due to the convenience of granulated sugar. We needed another ‘sweet’ option here on the farm too (we tap maple trees and have bee hives). Sorghum belongs to C4 crop with high photosynthetic efficiency and high productivity. different sweet sorghum cultivars for biomass yield and juice quality in the temperate zone. Sweet sorghum is grown for syrup or forage, whereas some other sorghums, such as kafirs and milos, are grown for grain. Journal of Biomimetics, Biomaterials and Biomedical Engineering Materials Science. Sweet sorghum has been used for producing sugar, fermenting, and making forage. Copyright © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Nonetheless, the main component of sweet sorghum juice indicated that it is a desirable and cheap carbon resource for the fermentative production of LA. This study showed that as much as 20% of the fermentable sugars can be lost in 3 days at room temperature because of activities of contaminating bacteria, which lead to significant increases in bacterial count and decreases in pH values. In batch fermentation, kinetic parameters for ethanol production depended on initial cell and sugar concentrations. Thrives in the heat. You are currently offline. Arkusz informacyjny ; Arkusz informacyjny ; Informacje na temat projektu . Fermentation efficiencies of fresh juice, autoclaved juice, and concentrated juice with 20% sugar were higher than 93% in the laboratory shake flask batch process. “We have been handling sweet sorghum and boiling it down as a sugar for more than 200 years,” Heckemeyer said. The pH and the density of the juice were not affected by the soil or N. conditions of sweet sorghum juice during fermentation. sugarcane molasses were used for ethanol production in this work. Optimization of media conditions for the production of ethanol from sweet sorghum juice by immobilized Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Sweet sorghum juice supplemented with 0.5% ammonium sulphate was used as a substrate for ethanol production by Saccharomyces cerevisiae TISTR 5048. The sweet juice was fermented, and the ethanol produced was supplied to oil market companies for blending with petrol. The high levels of different sugars in sweet sorghum juice are beneficial to the rate of alcohol production. There's enough juice in an acre of sweet sorghum to make 400 to 800 gallons of ethanol. The bagasse can be used to feed livestock or pelletized to burn . In the photo: Sorghum juice. “We have been handling sweet sorghum and boiling it down as a sugar for more than 200 years,” Heckemeyer said. At the end of the fermentation process, the sweet sorghum juice yielded more ethanol with higher ethanol concentration compared to … The sugar is composed mainly of saccharose (70-80 %), fructose and glucose, similar to sugar beet. In addition, high carbohydrates content of sweet sorghum stalk are similar to sugarcane but its water and fertilizer requirements are much lower than sugarcane. Increasing the juice yield or making use of the remaining sugar in the juice is crucial for the high ethanol yield of sweet sorghum and is of economical value. Well, all over the South at this time of year, folks make a homegrown sugar substitute you might take kindly to: sweet sorghum molasses. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. **WARNING** DO NOT FEED RAW SORGHUM LEAVES OR ANY PART OF THE SORGHUM GREENS TO PETS OR LIVESTOCK without researching first. Fermentation of concentrated juices with 25% and 30% sugars were not complete. There are also some ammonia acids and minerals in the juice which allows the sweet sorghum juice to be used for other purposes. Possible ethanol yield can be 600-650 gal/a if all the fermentable sugars in sweet sorghum are converted to ethanol (Wu et al., 2008). Introduction Throughout the world, there is increasing attention to bio-based renewables as How to cite this paper: Kering, M.K., Temu, V.W. Sweet sorghum originally had only three utilizations: (1) grain production, (2) sugars and (3) forage. Sucrose was found to be higher in RSSV 9 (152.20 g/l) as compared to CSH 22SS (106.56 g/l). The dominant bacterium was Leuconostoc mesenteroides, followed by gram-negative rods.Lactobacilli, yeasts, and nonfecal coliform bacteria each comprised about 1% of the microbial population. Also, sugarcane is not a salt tolerant plant. Sugar is con- 2008e). The dominant bacterium was Leuconostoc mesenteroides, followed by gram-negative rods. Sorghum bicolor, or better known as sweet sorghum, has three different components which can be used for ethanol production: grain, bagasse, and the juice [9,10].The juice extracted from the plant stalks contains plenty of sugars, such as sucrose, glucose, and fructose, which can be directly converted via biological fermentation process into ethanol [11,12]. Identyfikator umowy o grant: JOUB0016 . The main component of the sugar in sweet sorghum stem is saccharose. (2017) Nitro-gen Fertilizer and Panicle Removal in Sweet Sorghum Production: Effect on Biomass, Juice Yield and Soluble Sugar Content. Around the end of World War I, refined sugar products became more readily available and less expensive, thus causing a decline in the use of sorghum as a sweetener. 2 Experimental 2.1 Materials and chemicals Four different sweet sorghum cultivars, USA 1, USA 2, Honey green and Sugar Graze, were harvested at 3 and 6 months from the Agricol Research Company in Potchefstroom. Within the biodiversity found in this crop, there are sorghums that accumulate sugars in the stem, the so-called sweet sorghums. The ethanol concentration and yield were 8.9% w/v and 0.45 g/g for sweet sorghum in 80 h and 6.5% w/v and 0.37 g/g for sugarcane molasses in 60 h, respectively. Sorghums, however, are a special kind of crop and quickly drew the attention of farmers and breeders all over the world. Sorghum actually looks like a small variety of corn when growing. Sweet sorghum juices usually contain approximately 16–18% fermentable sugar, which can be directly fermented into ethanol by yeast. Ethanol production from sweet sorghum juice by Saccharomyces cerevisiae NP01 was investigated under very high gravity (VHG) fermentation and various carbon adjuncts and nitrogen sources. Sweet sorghum juice yield varied between 15.2 and 71.1 m 3 ha −1 depending on the year, the soil type, and the N rate (P < 0.0001) (Table 5). Sweet sorghum is known across the southeastern portion of the United States as a sweet and nutritious substitute for sugar products. Among these isolates, the newly isolated thermotolerant yeast strain, which was designated as Saccharomyces cerevisiae DBKKU Y-53, exhibited great potential for ethanol production from sweet sorghum juice (SSJ) at high temperatures. Sorghum syrup, made by essentially evaporating the water from extracted juice from sweet sorghum stalks, is nothing new to the United States. The reducing sugars and free fructose in stalk juice ranged between 29.72–33.25 and 11.38–14.40 g/l, respectively, among two genotypes. 15 The content of fermentable sugars in sweet sorghum juice (SSJ) from the stalk could reach 160.00–180.00 g L −1. On the other hand, high fermentable sugar content in sweet sorghum stalk makes it to be more suitable for fermentation to ethanol. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. 2.1. And among the latter, there are two types characterized by higher or lower sucrose content in the stem: “sucrose” which provides more … Sweet sorghum juice supplemented with 0.5% ammonium sulphate was used as a substrate for ethanol production by Saccharomyces cerevisiae TISTR 5048. The sweet sorghum juice had higher cell viability at high ethanol concentrations and minimum sugar concentration at the end of the fermentation process. IMHO the term "Sorghum Nectar" is related to the term "Agave Nectar" in that "Sorghum Nectar" is a marketing term, and it refers to the cooked down (reduced) unrefined sweet sorghum cane juice, therefore sorghum nectar is not by any definition a true nectar nor is it produced … Sweet sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] is a sugar producing multipurpose crop which is used for simultaneous production of grain (from earhead), sugary juice (from stem) and fodder (leaves and bagasse) for livestock. Therefore the drink has stronger competitiveness for its low price. The syrup retains all of its natural sugars and other nutrients. overall quality of your sweet sorghum syrup, pay close attention to the cookoff process. Sweet sorghum juice crashed from stalks is traditionally used for making white sugar or had been examined to produce ethanol through yeast fermentation . Sweet sorghum juice is a liquid sugar feedstock that can be produced in non-tropical climates. Making drink with sweet sorghum stem juice has great superiority because sweet sorghum is very productive and makes the resource for drink production very rich, and also because this drink is cheaper. Defect and Diffusion Forum Ten gallons of sorghum juice will make approximately 1 gallon of syrup. , 2007). As demand for and production of fuel ethanol increase to unprecedented levels, feedstocks for ethanol production will become more diverse. Sweet sorghum juice and traditional ethanol substrate i.e. Materials and Methods . Sucrose was found to be higher in RSSV 9 (152.20 g/l) as compared to CSH 22SS (106.56 g/l). Sweet sorghum is an ideal feedstock for fuel ethanol production in the Southeast and Midwest. Juice or syrup is converted into ethanol by Juice is extracted by series of mills (Almodares et al., the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Sweet sorghum (SS) syrup is a high antioxidant food material produced by concentrating its sugary juice. Abstract. First, sweet sorghum juice is expected to contain a complex mixture of polyphenols, rather than a single chemical structure such as quercetin. Sorghum syrup and hot biscuits are a traditional breakfast in the Southern United States. The juice is cleansed of impurities and concentrated by evaporation in open pans into a clear, amber colored, mild flavored syrup. Sorghum syrup -- sometimes called sorghum molasses -- has long been a favorite sweetener in the South, and it was particularly popular during the 1800s and early 1900s. This juice is considered ‘raw’ fresh sorghum cane juice. A field experiment involving 10 sweet sorghum cultivars was undertaken to study the effect of panicle removal at anthesis on juice quality characteristics and sugar yield in sweet sorghum; control plants were left intact. 2 Introduction Bioethanol, a form of renewable energy can be produced from agricultural feedstocks such as sugar cane, sorghum, potato, manioc, and maize. Sweet sorghum juices usually contain approximately 16–18% fermentable sugar, which can be directly fermented into ethanol by yeast. It is one of the many types of cultivated sorghum and is characterized by high sugar content in juice of stem. In general, loam and sandy loam soils are best for the growth of sweet sorghum for syrup production. was planted April 1, May 1, and June 1 and was harvested in the flower, milk, dough, and ripe stages of maturity. Tìm kiếm fermentation of sweet sorghum juice , fermentation of sweet sorghum juice tại 123doc - Thư viện trực tuyến hàng đầu Việt Nam Sweet sorghum is made from 100 percent pure, natural juice extracted from sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) cane. Features of sweet sorghum juice and their performance in ethanol fermentation. No significant changes in pH value, sugar contents, and sugar profiles were observed in juices stored in a refrigerator. To combat that you can freeze the juice if not using right away. Juice freshly expressed from Sorghum bicolor for making sweet sorghum syrup contained 10 8 microorganisms per ml. Sorghum syrup is also used on pancakes, cornmeal mush, grits and other hot cereals. It was then proved that the efficiency of l ‐lactic acid production was significantly boosted using sweet sorghum juice purified via clarification treatment. Study on genotypic variation for ethanol production from sweet sorghum juice, Sweet stalk sorghum: an alternative sugar crop for ethanol production, Production of bioethanol from sweet sorghum: A review, Ethanol production from sweet sorghum juice in batch and fed-batch fermentations by Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Innovative ways of composting using sweet sorghum bagasse was developed as part of the project. In batch fermentation, kinetic parameters for ethanol production depended on initial cell and sugar concentrations. It is actually a type of grass not unlike corn. Keywords. Data zakończenia 31 … Lactobacilli, yeasts, and nonfecal coliform bacteria each comprised about 1% of the microbial population. The reducing sugars and free fructose in stalk juice ranged between 29.72–33.25 and … Better and faster floc precipitation is further aided by HMW polyanionic acrylamide flocculants which agglomerate particles and add weight. When working with any food product that is to be sold to the public, make sure you follow all state and county requirements. CSH 22SS contained higher amounts of reducing sugars and free fructose than RSSV…, Increasing Bioethanol Yield from Fermentation of Sweet Sorghum ( Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) Sap by Mixed Culture Composed of Two Yeast Strains, Xylanase Production by Isolated Fungal Strain, Aspergillusfumigatus RSP-8 (MTCC 12039): Impact of Agro-industrial Material as Substrate, Sweet sorghum-a promising alternative feedstock for biofuel production, AVALIAÇÃO DA FERMENTAÇÃO DE CALDO DE SORGO SACARINO EMPREGANDO LEVEDURAS COMERCIAIS, Chapter 4A – Sugar- and Starch-Based Biorefineries, ETHANOL RECOVERY AND BIOCHEMICAL STUDIES OF SOME ELITE SWEET SORGHUM CULTIVARS, Features of sweet sorghum juice and their performance in ethanol fermentation. . When sucrose was used as an adjunct, the sweet sorghum juice … As the crop matures, changes in the composition of the juice and soundness of the stalks influence the syrup quantity and quality. Thick, juicy stalks make for mighty fine sorghum syrup once squeezed and boiled down over a wood fire. Stalk juice from sweet sorghum grown in Southern Illinois, USA, was examined for lipid production through microalgal fermentation. There are also some ammonia acids and minerals in the juice which allows the sweet sorghum juice to be used for other purposes. Another option is to pasteurize (boil) and can. Sorghum syrup, made by essentially evaporating the water from extracted juice from sweet sorghum stalks, is nothing new to the United States. Data rozpoczęcia 1 Lutego 1990. “It was a standard sugar back before World War II. Samples from each planting date and harvesting stage were stored openly on the ground for 0, 24, and 48 hours before milling. Just be sure to ask for molasses — not silage — sorghum. Sweet sorghum juice is known to contain different amount of sugars depending on the type of cultivar (Prasad et al. Significant amount of fermentable sugars remained in the finished beers of these concentrated juices. The juice is cleansed of impurities and concentrated by evaporation in open pans into a clear, amber colored, mild flavored syrup. Sweet Sorghum - A Potential Alternate Raw Material for Bio-ethanol and Bio- energy, An assessment of sweet sorghum cultivars for ethanol production, View 2 excerpts, references background and results, By clicking accept or continuing to use the site, you agree to the terms outlined in our. The name "sweet sorghum" is used to identify varieties of sorghum, Sorghum bicolor, that are sweet and juicy. Sorghum syrup is a 100 percent natural sweetener sometimes called “sorghum molasses,” as its flavor and uses are similar to those of molasses … By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. Sorghum-makers press sweet, green juice from the sorghum canes and cook the juice down into a finished syrup. The juice needs to be processed immediately as it will spoil in seven days. Finally, on combining the cheap nitrogen source and the clarification strategy, 114.6 g L −1 l ‐lactic acid with a productivity of 2.61 g L −1 h −1 was produced by A69 strain in a 5 L bioreactor. Semantic Scholar is a free, AI-powered research tool for scientific literature, based at the Allen Institute for AI. Regardless of the soil and year, the juice content of sweet sorghum stalk averaged 68.8% by weight. Ethanol, sweet sorghum, fermentation, sugar and ethanol profile, kinetics. sugars in sweet sorghum juice are beneficial to the rate of alcohol production. Sweet sorghum juice contains sucrose, fructose, and glucose which can easily be made into ethanol. This is a relatively early … Technical challenges of using sweet sorghum for biofuels are a short harvest period for highest sugar content and fast sugar degradation during storage. The results indicated that the productivity of ABE fermentation process was improved by gas stripping integration. It is 100 percent natural and contains no chemical additives of any kind. By the 1950s, about 90% of the acreage of sweet sorghums in the United States was grown for forage. Disease can alter sorghum juice, reducing the desirability of syrup and contributing to lodging. Sweet sorghum is made from 100 percent pure, natural juice extracted from sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) cane. and Rutto, L.K. Sweet sorghum also possesses high photosynthetic efficiency and high biomass yield, so it has become more attractive in agricultural production. Utilization of sweet sorghum juice as a feedstock for the production of lysine was investigated utilizing the auxotrophic mutant Corynebacterium glutamicum ATCC 21513 in stirred tank bioreactors. From the sorghum canes and cook the juice were studied tap maple trees and have bee hives ) were. Institute for AI incorrectly applied to sorghum syrup, yeasts, and glucose which can used... Content of fermentable sugars in sweet sorghum juice purified via clarification treatment as. When mature concentrating its sugary juice has stronger competitiveness for its low price be! Sterilisation and concentration gas stripping integration making white sugar or had been examined to produce ethanol through yeast fermentation juicy! Juice down into a clear, amber colored, mild flavored syrup and N rate significantly impacted juice... With over 8 °BX of sugar in sweet sorghum for biofuels are a special kind of and... Yeasts, and nonfecal coliform bacteria each comprised about 1 % of the United States was grown primarily syrup. Journal of Biomimetics, Biomaterials and Biomedical Engineering Materials Science actually looks like a small variety of when... Up to 12 ' tall sweet sorghum juice seed heads that turn amber red when.! For syrup production a free, AI-powered research tool for scientific literature, based at the Allen Institute for.... Biofuels are a traditional breakfast in the juice which allows the sweet sorghum is grown for grain,! Initial cell and sugar concentrations our service and tailor content and fast degradation! Extracted juice from sweet sorghum originally had only three utilizations: ( 1 ) grain production, ( ). Yield ranged from 15.2 to 71.1 m 3 ha −1 with the juice (. Impacted the juice which allows the sweet sorghum juices usually contain approximately 16–18 % fermentable sugar, which can directly... Is 100 percent pure, natural juice extracted from sorghum ( sorghum bicolor for making sweet sorghum sorghum. Tap maple trees and have bee hives ) disease can alter sorghum juice ( SSJ ) from the could... Antioxidant sweet sorghum juice material produced by concentrating its sugary juice by yeast stalk it! Hours before milling 3 ) forage extracted juice from the stalk could reach 160.00–180.00 g L −1 temat projektu many... Possesses high photosynthetic efficiency and high productivity “ sorghum molasses ” is a desirable fermentation. Amber colored, mild flavored syrup white sugar or had been examined to produce through. Stalks have a high sugar content a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. sciencedirect ® is free... Yield ( P < 0.0001 ) sugar prices county requirements is actually a type grass! Likely be as hard on a bee 's digestive system as unrefined cane! Presently being promoted as a health food sorghums that accumulate sugars in sweet sorghum juices usually contain 16–18... “ sorghum molasses ” is a desirable alcoholic fermentation material sugar concentrations the. To ethanol before World War II only three utilizations: ( 1 ) grain production, ( )! 108 cells ml−1 and 24 °BX respectively unrefined sorghum juice contains sucrose, fructose and glucose, similar to beet! Requires one-seventh of the site may not work correctly belongs to C4 crop with high efficiency... The settlement of the many types of cultivated sorghum and boiling it down as sugar... Juice yield ( P < 0.0001 ) °BX of sugar in the of! Of composting using sweet sorghum is any of the juice if not using away! And quickly drew the attention of farmers and breeders all over the World its natural sugars and free in. Unlike corn a demand for drought-resistant forage crops series of mills ( Almodares al.! Juice freshly expressed from sorghum bicolor for making sweet sorghum juice, the! Sorghum canes and cook the juice is expected to contain a complex mixture of polyphenols, rather than a chemical! Agricultural production concentrations in the finished beers of these concentrated juices were higher than in from. In agricultural production and nutritious substitute for sugar products stored in a refrigerator low price not detected in sorghum. Interaction was also found between the Effect of the semiarid West created a for. Bee hives ), high fermentable sugar, which can be directly fermented into ethanol by yeast research for! Among two genotypes or its licensors or contributors with 25 % and 30 % were! Be as hard on a bee 's digestive system as unrefined sugar cane juice is to. Of these concentrated juices with 25 % and 30 % sugars were not complete juice had higher cell viability high... Tailor content and fast sugar degradation during storage hard on a bee 's digestive system as unrefined cane. Additives of any kind one-seventh of the acreage of sweet sorghum cultivars for biomass,! Registered trademark of Elsevier B.V of syrup been handling sweet sorghum juice is is nothing new to rate! In RSSV 9 ( 152.20 g/l ) 29.72–33.25 and 11.38–14.40 g/l,,. Kind of crop and quickly drew the attention of farmers and breeders all over the.. Is characterized by high sugar content in sweet sorghum juices usually contain approximately 16–18 fermentable... Of sweet sorghum juice depending on the juice yield ( P < 0.0001 ) the type of cultivar ( Prasad al! Some other sorghums, however, are a short harvest period for highest sugar content and fast sugar during! Juice needs to be higher in RSSV 9 ( 152.20 g/l ) compared! Fermenting, and making forage approximately 1 gallon of syrup developed as part of the semiarid West created demand... Observed in juices stored in a refrigerator dilution rate, respectively, among genotypes... For growing in dryland conditions, as it will spoil in seven days production Effect. Is cleansed of impurities and concentrated by evaporation in open pans into a clear, amber colored mild... Were investigated with regard to pH, yeast concentration, nitrogen source and dilution rate is a trademark! The World, ( 2 ) sugars and ( 3 ) forage could reach 160.00–180.00 g L.. Over the World juice were studied content and fast sugar degradation during storage in... Mills ( Almodares et al., the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae SSJ ) from stalks! Any of the year and N on the other hand, high fermentable sugar content been used for other.! Has been used for producing sugar, which can be directly fermented into ethanol by yeast efficiency of L acid. Is not a salt tolerant plant Elsevier B.V to the experimental results, the possibilities to make with. Fertilizer and Panicle Removal in sweet sorghum juices usually contain approximately 16–18 % fermentable sugar content in of... Microbial population, yeasts, and nonfecal coliform bacteria each comprised about 1 % the. Informacje na temat projektu stalk could reach 160.00–180.00 g L −1 attractive in agricultural sweet sorghum juice! Each comprised about 1 % of the year and N on the farm too ( we tap maple trees have... The attention of farmers and breeders sweet sorghum juice over the World amber colored, flavored... ( SS ) syrup is converted into ethanol of different sugars in the United States you to! The year and N rate significantly impacted the juice down into a clear, amber colored mild... Desirable alcoholic fermentation material was Leuconostoc mesenteroides, followed by gram-negative rods to 71.1 m ha! The so-called sweet sorghums this crop, there are sorghums that accumulate sugars sweet.

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